Hi... I am Robin Sunny, from a forest village called Inchathotty near by Neriamangalam, The Gateway of High Range. My village is surrounded by forest from three sides and the other side covered by Periyar River, The Beautiful River of Kerala...

WildBirds @ Inchathotty

Ceylon Frogmouth (Batrachostomus moniliger)
Periyar Birds Sanctuary
Ceylon Frogmouth's existence under the veil of the dense tropical forests for a long time until Dr. Salim Ali found it at the Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary (which has since been named after him) in circa 1930. Later it was rediscovered in circa 1990 by ornithologist Dr.Sugathan, at the same sanctuary. Its occurrence, ethology, nesting, etc. This bird is best located at night by its song, which is a loud descending cackly and frog-like series of Klock-klock-klock-klock-klock calls.


Heart-Spotted Woodpecker (Hemicircus canente)

Periyar Birds Sanctuary
Heart-Spotted Woodpecker, A small, uniquely shapped, black and buff woodpecker with large, prominently recurved crest on head and very short tail. It is uncommon inside the santuary. Basically black with heart-shaped black spots on white shoulders and broad white scapular patches and barring of flight feathers. Whitish throat and plain grey underparts. Female has white forecrown.

Periyar Birds Sanctuary
Large Egret (Ardea alba)
The Large Egret has pure white feathers with a pale whitish bill. It has long black legs and is also commonly refered to as the White Heron. The bird habits marshy areas. Its feathers are entirely white. The Herons food is mainly insects, frogs and small reptiles. During the mating season, the male develops a long white drooping crest and fine long feathers on the back and breast.

Periyar Birds Sanctuary

Crow Pheasant (Centropus sinensis)

Crow Pheasant is common inside the Sanctuary. It is a large species at 48 cm. The head is black, upper mantle and underside are purplish black. The back and wings are chestnut brown. There are no pale shaft streaks on the coverts. The eyes are ruby red. Juveniles are duller black with spots on the crown and there are whitish bars on the underside and tail. Its nest is an untidy collection of twigs and branches where three or four glossless eggs are laid.

Periyar Birds Sanctuary

Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla)

The Baillon's Crake is a very small waterbird of the family Rallidae. Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla) is a scarce winter visitor in India. Their breeding habitat is sedge beds in Europe, mainly in the east, and across Asia. They nest in a dry location in wet sedge bogs, laying 4-8 eggs. This species is migratory, wintering in east Africa and south Asia. These birds probe with their bill in mud or shallow water, also picking up food by sight. They mainly eat insects and aquatic animals.
Periyar Birds Sanctuary

Banded Crake (Rallina eurizonoides)

The Banded Crake is a waterbird in the rail and crake family Rallidae. The Banded Crake is about 25 cm long. Its body is flattened laterally to allow easier passage through the undergrowth. Its breeding habitat is swamps and similar wet areas in well-wooded country across south Asia east from India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. These birds probe with their bill in mud or shallow water, also picking up food by sight. They forage for berries and insects on the ground, or clambering through bushes and undergrowth.
Periyar Birds Sanctuary

Barn Owl (Tyto alba)

The Barn Owl is an owl in the barn owl family Tytonidae. This is one of the two groups of owls, the other being the typical owls Strigidae. Any member of the family Tytonidae is sometimes referred to as a Barn Owl. These are pale, long-winged, long-legged owls, 33-39 cm in length with an 80-95 cm wingspan. They have an effortless wavering flight as they quarter pastures or similar hunting grounds.

Periyar Birds Sanctuary

Bay-backed Shrike (Lanius vittatus)

The Bay-backed Shrike, is a member of the bird family Laniidae. The shrikes, resident in South Asia. It is smallish shrike at 17 cm, maroon-brown above with a pale rump and long black tail with white edges. It is a widespread resident breeder in India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. It nests in bushes in scrubby areas and cultivation. Bay-backed Shrike has a characteristic upright "shrike" attitude perched on a bush, from which it sallies after lizards, large insects and small birds.
Periyar Birds Sanctuary

Besra Sparrow-Hawk (Accipiter virgatus)

The Besra Sparrow-Hawk, is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. Besra is usually found in the wooded areas. Resident but nesting not confirmed from the sanctuary. It nests in trees, building a new nest each year. This bird is a medium-sized raptor (29 to 36 cm) with short broad wings and a long tail, both adaptations to fast manoeuvring. Its hunting technique is, relying on surprise as it flies from a hidden perch or flicks over a bush to catch its prey unaware.
Periyar Birds Sanctuary
Black Crested Baza (Aviceda leuphotes)
Black Crested Baza is not uncommon, in the evergreen patches of the sanctuary. About six have been recorded constantly, of which two pairs were seen breeding within the sanctuary limit on tall trees. They move in flocks of 5 to 6 during the non-breeding season.
Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis)
Periyar Birds Sanctuary
    The Black Bittern, is a bittern of Old World origin, breeding in tropical Asia. Their breeding habitat is reedbeds. They nest on platforms of reeds in shrubs, or sometimes in trees. Their population is larger than that of the other bitterns. Seen along the banks of the Lake and even along stream banks of the sanctuary.

Black Drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis)


The Black Drongo, is a small Asian passerine bird of the drongo family Dicruridae. It is very beneficial to agriculture as it destroys a large variety of insects harmful to the crops. It is very Common & resident inside the sanctuary.. Breeding inside the sanctuary. The species is famous for its aggressive behaviour towards much larger birds, such as crows, never hesitating to dive-bomb any birds of prey that invades its territory.


Black-Naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis)


The Black-naped Oriole, is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds found in south Asia. its a Winter visitor in sanctury. Scattered population occurs in the evergreen, deciduous forests and teak plantations. Like other orioles they feed on insects & fruit. They are most active in the morning & evenings, making their melodious calls as they forage. Black-naped Orioles rarely descend to the ground. They forage high in trees and usually stay within the canopy

Black Eagle (Ictinaetus malayensis)

The Black Eagle is a bird of prey. It is in the family Accipitridae, and is the only member of the genus Ictinaetus. Black Eagle Casual visitor to the open rocky hills of the sanctuary. Always seen in gliding flight. The Black Eagle is a large raptor at about 70–80 cm in length. It is a prolific nest-predator and is known for its slow flight just over the canopy. The wings are long and pinched in at the innermost primaries giving a distinctive shape.


Blossom-Headed Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)


The Blossom-Headed Parakeet is a parrot which is a resident breeder. It is common in the sanctury. Large influx was noticed during harvesting seasons August-September, January-February. It is a gregarious and noisy species with range of raucous calls. It undergoes local movements, driven mainly by the availability of the fruit and blossoms which make up its diet. It nests in holes in trees, laying 4-6 white eggs.

Black_crowned_Night_Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

The Black-crowned Night Herons are small stocky, short-legged. It is in the family Ardeidae. They are handsomely attired in a tri-colour plumage of black, grey and white, with two long plumes on the nape. Other herons, which attack the Night Herons on sight. This is because Night Herons are very aggressive and steal eggs and young of other heron colonies. Besides fish, they ate a wide range of prey from aquatic invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles & plants.

Black-Headed Babbler (Rhopocichla atriceps)

The Black-Headed Babbler is common in the sanctuary. These babblers have a weak flight and are residents within their range. Their characteristic churr alarm calls are often the best indication that these birds are present. They are tiny chestnut brown birds with a dark black cap, a whitish underside and pale yellow iris. They forage in flocks in the undergrowth of forests constantly making calls and uttering alarm calls when disturbed.


Black-Headed Cuckoo-Shrike (Coracina melanoptera)


Blackheaded Cuckoo-Shrike is in Corvidae family. It is common in the sanctuary. The name probably comes from the grey color of many of the cuckoo-shrikes. Its chief food is insects but it also feeds on berries such as lantana. Nesting occurs from March to August. Its nest is made up of a shallow cup of twigs and rootlets bound together with cobwebs and secured on the top surface of a bough.


Black-Headed Munia (Lonchura malacca)


The Black-Headed Munia is in Estrildidae family. The Black-headed Munia is a small gregarious bird which feeds mainly on grain and other seeds. The nest is a large domed grass structure in a bush or tall grass into which 4-7 white eggs are laid. The black-headed munia, is a pest in rice fields from India. Seen among vegetation all along the water's edge, even nesting on plants in water. Feeds in grassy patches


Black-Headed Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus)


Black-Headed Oriole is in Oriole family. It is Common, resident, breeding in almost all the habitats inside the sanctuary. Found in evergreen, deciduous forests, plantations and in urban areas inside and outside the sanctuary. The black head of this species is an obvious distinction from Golden Oriole,which is a summer visitor to northern India. The food is insects and fruit, especially figs, found in the tree canopies where the orioles spend much of their time


Black-Winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)


Black-winged Stilt is a large (35 to 39 cm) black and white wader with long orange-red legs and a straight black bill. It has black on the back of the neck, a white collar and a red iris.This bird is a very common breeding resident and winter visitor. The bird mainly feeds on aquatic insects, but will also takes molluscs and crustaceans. The nest may be anything from a simple shallow scrape on the ground to a mound of vegetation placed in or near the water.


Black-Winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus vociferus)


The Black-winged Kite is a small diurnal bird of prey in the family Accipitridae best known for its habit of hovering over open grasslands in the manner of the much-smaller kestrels. Blackwinged Kite is common, in the open patches of the sanctuary. Two pairs were seen breeding within the sanctuary limit on trees. This bird is distinctive in being long winged and predominantly grey or white with black shoulder patches, wing tips and eye stripe. 

Blue Chat (Erithacus brunneus)


The Blue Chat is Common in the Sanctuary. Breeding inside the sanctuary. The Indian Blue Robin is insectivorous and feeds mainly on the ground. It skulks in undergrowth and hops on the ground, frequently flicking and fanning its tail. The breeding season is May to July and the nest is a large cup of vegetation placed on the ground between the roots of large fir tree or in depression. The nest is lined with roots, hair and down.

Blue-Beaded Rock Thrush (Monticola cinclorhynchus)

The Blue-Beaded Rock Thrush are medium-sized mostly insectivorous or omnivorous songbirds. Its in the family Muscicapidae. It is a Winter visitor, not very common. Affects secondary evergreen jungle and the thick undergrowth in teak forest. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montanes. This is a starling-sized bird, 21-23 cm in length with a long slim bill.

Blue-Bearded Bee-eater (Nyctyornis athertoni)

The Blue-Bearded Bee-eater is a large bee-eater. Its in the family Meropidae. Only a few birds are seen in the well wooded drier areas of the sanctuary. Upperparts are mainly green with a blue forehead. The blue beard is formed by long, blue feathers on the throat which are puffed out when the bird calls. Remaining underparts are a rich buff with green streaks. Bee-eaters are gregarious.


Blue-Tailed Bee-eater (Merops philippinus)


The Blue-Tailed Bee-eaters get their names from their diet of stinging insects (bees, wasps, hornets, ants). They specialise in catching and neutralising these titbits that other birds find unappetising or dangerous. Its in the family Meropidae. Bluetailed Bee-eater is a rare migrant but sometimes large numbers are met with. These bee-eaters are gregarious, nesting colonially in sandy banks or open flat areas. Prefers open areas.


Blue-throated Flycatcher (Cyornis rubeculoides)


The Blue-throated Flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae. Bluethroated Flycatcher is rare winter visitor to the Sanctuary. This is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae. It resembles Cyornis tickelliae but easily separated by the blue throat. The habitat of this species is a thicker forest than other species of flycatchers. This bird winters in the hills of south-west India and east Himalayan foothills.


Blue-winged Parakeet (Psittacula columboides)


The Blue-winged Parakeet is also known as the Malabar Parakeet - is native to India. Blue-winged Parakeet is Common inside the sanctuary during August-September. In their natural environment these birds have been observed eating berries and other fruits such as figs, flowers, leaf buds, pollen, seeds, small nuts, and nectar. These parakeets are social birds and live in small groups composed of four to five individuals. It is classified as a "restricted-range" species by the IUCN.

Blyth's Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus dumetorum)


The Blyth's Reed Warbler is a Winter visitor. This small passerine bird is a species found in scrub or clearings, often near water. In the breeding season, the best identification feature is the song, which is slow and repetitive, with much mimicry of other birds, punctuated with scales and typically acrocephaline whistles. The sexes are identical, as with most warblers, but young birds are yellower below.


Bonelli's Eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus)


The Bonelli's Eagle is a relatively rare. Bonelli's Eagle takes a wide range of live prey, all taken alive. It usually hunts from cover by a quick dash from inside a tree, but it will also catch prey by quartering hill slopes like other eagles. They are confined to well wooded areas. It nests on cliff ledges or in large trees up mountainsides where it build a huge stick nest up to 2 metres in diameter. This is a species of wooded, often hilly, country with some open areas.


Booted Warbler (Hippolais caligata)


The Booted Warbler is in the tree warbler genus Hippolais. Booted Warbler is a winter visitor. The bird was active and often moving through undergrowth, but sometimes fed on the ground, hawked and perched on wire. The bird rarely vocalized, except once when it uttered a 'chat' in a low voice. It found in the deciduous scrub jungle in the sanctuary in winter season. Like most warblers they are insectivorous.


Broad-Billed Roller (Eurystomus orientalis)


The Broad-Billed Roller is a bird of the roller family. The bird is an insectivore with a love of beetles and often catches prey whilst flying. The young birds have a darker beak which becomes more orange as it becomes mature. It has a length of up to 30cm, and can be found in Asia. It is most commonly seen as a single bird with a distinctive upright silhouette on a bare branch high in a tree perch, returning to the same perch after a few seconds.


Broad-Tailed Grass Warbler (Schoenicola platyura)


The Broad-Tailed Grass Warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the Sylviidae family. Broad-Tailed Grass Warbler resident but not common. Affects grass and scrub covered hill sides. A small, mostly brown bird, it has a broad rounded and graduated tail. It is found only on the higher altitude grassy hills where it usually skulks, except during the breeding season when males fly up into the air to sing in their display. The species is believed to be a resident although it is possible that they make local movements.

Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus)


Bronzed Drongo is a rather plain and inconspicuous bird of low- and mid-elevation broadleaf forests up to 2000m elevation. In poor light, it appears black, as the Black Drongo of open lowland habitats. However, Bronzed Drongo is slightly smaller, shorter-tailed and smaller-billed than its lowland relative. The lores are velvety and the ear coverts are duller. This bird is not uncommon inside the Sanctuary.

Bronze-Winged Jacana (Metopidius indicus)

Bronzewinged Jacana is common than the previous species. It is the only member of the genus Metopidius. Resident along the floating vegetation in the water body. Breeds in fairly good numbers. The abundance has been noticed only during the last two years. The Bronze-winged Jacana's feeds on insects and other invertebrates picked from the floating vegetation or the water's surface..

Brown Fish Owl (Bubo zeylonensis)

The Brown Fish Owl is a part of the family Strigidae. These Owl's are Common inside the santuary. The upperparts are reddish brown, heavily streaked with black or dark brown. The underparts are buff with brown streaking. The throat is white. The eyes are yellow, and there are prominent "ears". Sexes are similar. Latest DNA analysis indicates that the Fish Owls are just specialised Eagle Owls.

Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa latirostris)

Brown Flycatcher typically feed on flying insects which are caught by sallying out from an exposed perch. Brown Flycatcher is Rare. A small population is seen in the sanctuary throughout the year. They have a large head, short tail and a flattened bill, broader at the base. During the migratory season an increase in population was noticed, indicating an influx of migrants. Seen in the evergreen, deciduous forests, and plantations with low density of vegetation.


Brown Hawk-Owl (Ninox scutulata hirsuta)


Brown Hawk Owl is a resident breeder in most of tropical south Asia from the Middle East to south China. Its habitat is well-wooded country and forest. It lays three to five eggs in a tree hole. The Brown Hawk Owl is a medium-sized (32cm) owl with a hawk-like shape due to its long tail and lack of a distinct facial disk. The upperparts are dark brown, with a barred tail. The underparts are whitish with reddish-brown streakin. The eyes are large and yellow


Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus)


Brown Shrike is Very rare, winter visitor to the sanctuary. mainly brown on the upper parts and the tail is rounded. The underside is creamy with rufous flanks and belly. The wings are brown and lack any white mirror patches. Females have fine scalloping on the underside and the mask is dark brown and not as well marked as in the male. It has a grey crown shading into the brown upperparts and the rump appears more rufous than the rest of the upperback


Brown-Breasted Flycatcher (Muscicapa muttui)


Brownbreasted Flycatcher is very rare inside the sanctuary. Winter visitor to the evergreen areas. It is 13-14 cm in length and weighs between 10-14 g. The overall colour of the upperparts is olive brown. The upper tail coverts are brighter rufous as are the edges of the flight feathers. The lores are pale and the eye ring is conspicuous. The chin and throat are white while the breast and sides of the body are pale brown. The middle of the body to the vent is buffy white

Bush Lark (Mirafra assamica)


Bush Lark is short-tailed and has a strong stout bill. It is a common bird of dry open stony country and cultivation. It nests on the ground, laying three or four speckled eggs. This lark's food is seeds and insects, the latter especially in the breeding season. This lark feeds primarily on seeds and insects, especially the latter during the breeding. It nests on the ground, laying three or four speckled eggs.


cattle-egret (Bubulcus ibis)


Cattle Egret Commonly seen inside the santuary, but totally absent during the breeding season. Seen deep into the forest, in the company of cattle and sometimes even with wild elephants. It is a cosmopolitan species of heron (family Ardeidae) found in the tropics, subtropics and warm temperate zones. It is the only member of the monotypic genus Bubulcus. It is a stocky white bird adorned with buff plumes in the breeding season which nests in colonies.

Alpine Swift (Apus melba)


The Alpine Swift is a large swift, generally found at higher altitudes, in a band around the Mediterranean and into Turkey and beyond, in the summer. A swift will return to the same site year after year. These birds pair for life. It migrates to southeast Africa in the northern winter. The Swift is distinguished by its white stomach and throat, although the latter is not always visible in certain angles and light. These swifts return to the mountains above Monaco in April and spend the summer there.

Chestnut-Headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti)


Chestnut-Headed Bee-eater is common during October-December indicating local movements.This species, like other bee-eaters, is a richly coloured, slender bird. Its face and throat are yellow with a black eye stripe, and the crown and nape are rich chestnut with blue on the rump and lower belly. The thin curved bill is black. Sexes are alike, but young birds are duller. This species is 18–20 cm long. 

Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis taprobana)

The Common Kingfisher are inside the genus Alcedo. They have bright blue upper parts with their underside and ear coverts being orange in colour. They have white patches on each side of their neck and on their chin. Their legs are red with a dark blue stripe and males have a black bill where as the bill of females is black with a reddish/orange base. Common Kingfishers have rapid, whirring wing beats that produce low, quick flight and they have loud, high-pitched vocalizations

Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)


The Common Myna is a member of the starling family. It is readily identified by the brown body, black hooded head and the bare yellow patch behind the eye. The bill and legs are bright yellow. There is a white patch on the outer primaries and the wing lining on the underside is white. An omnivorous open woodland bird with a strong territorial instinct, the Myna has adapted extremely well to urban environments. It feeds on insects and fruits and discarded waste from human habitation.

Common Tree Pie (Dendrocitta vagabunda)


Common Tree Pie is common inside the santuary. The head, neck and breast of Indian Treepie are a deep slate-grey colour, sometimes slightly brownish. The underparts and lower back are a warm tawny-brown to orange-brown in colour with white wing coverts and black primaries. The tail is a light bluish-grey with a thick black band on the tip. The Indian Treepie is extremely agile while searching for food, clinging and clambering through the branches. Its acrobatic dances on the coconut palm leaf (ola) has given it the name 'olenjali'.
Collared Scops Owl (Otus bakkamoena)


Collared Scops Owl, a fairly common, breeding resident inside the sanctuary. The Collared Scops Owl is a common resident found in forests, wooded areas, parks and even in urban areas. This is a small, stocky bird, only about 23cm long.. An earlier post reported the failed nesting of the owl in Mount Faber due to flooding of its nest that was built in the depression of an angsana (Pterocarpus indicus) branch fork

Common Grey Hornbill (Tockus birostris)

Common Grey Hornbill is very rare in the sanctuary. They are about 24 inches long. The upperparts are greyish brown and there is a slight trace of a pale supercilium. The ear coverts are darker. The flight feathers of the wing are dark brown and whitish tipped. The tail has a white tip and a dark subterminal band. They have a red iris and the eyelids have eyelashes. The casque is short and pointed.

Common Hawk-Cuckoo (Cuculus varies)

Common Hawk-Cuckoo is common with population fluctuation during June-September season. The cuckoos are a family, Cuculidae, of birds. During summer months, the call is easily detected by its repeated calls : a loud, screaming dee dee dit, repeated with monotonous persistency 5 or 6 times, rising in crescendo and ending abruptly. Laying their eggs in nests of babblers and laughing-thrushes with the chicks brought up by the foster parents. The sexes are alike. They have a distinctive yellow eye ring

Common Indian Nightjar (Caprimulgus asiaticus)

Common Indian Nightjar is rare, migratory, only one recorded during 1984 bird survey. Nightjars are found around the world, and like other nightjars they usually nest on the ground. They are mostly active in the late evening and early morning or at night, and feed predominantly on moths and other large flying insects. Indian Nightjar has variegated buff and brown plumage. Its call is a loud repetitive chuk-chuk-chuk-chuk.


Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)


The Common Iora, Aegithina tiphia is a small passerine bird. This Iora breeds across tropical South Asia. The adult Common Iora is about 25cm long. The breeding male has black or greenish upperparts, and bright yellow underparts. The flight feathers are blackish with an obvious white wing bar. Non-breeding males have uniformly greenish upperparts. The females are similar to non-breeding males, but with grey-black wings.


Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus)


Common Rosefinch , The mature male has brilliant rosy-carmine head, breast and rump, heavy bill, dark brown wings with two indistinct bars, and a white belly. Females and young males are dull-colored with yellowish-brown above, brighter on the rump and grayer on head, buff below. They are found in summer in thickets, woodland and forest edges near rivers and in winter in gardens and orchards, wetlands and locally in dry oak woods. The nest is placed low in a bush and the five eggs are dark blue with coarse dark brown spots.

Common Sandpiper (Tringa hypoleucos)


Common Sandpiper is in genus Actitis. The adult is 18-20 cm long, with a 32-35 cm wingspan. It has greyish brown upperparts, white underparts, short dark-yellowish legs and feet, and a bill with a pale base and dark tip. It is a gregarious bird and is seen in large flocks, and has the distinctive stiff-winged flight, low over the water, of Actitis waders. It nests on the ground near freshwater. When threatened, the young may cling to their parent's body to be flown away to safety


Crag Martin (Hirundo rupestris)


The Crag Martin's presence inside the sanctuary is not common. Martins are 12–15 cm (4.7–5.9 in) long with drab brown or grey plumage and a short square tail that has small white patches near the tips of all but the central and outermost pairs of feathers. The eyes are brown, the small bill is mainly black, and the legs are brownish-pink. The sexes are similar. Eurasian Crag Martin being significantly larger than the others. The flight is slow, with rapid wing beats interspersed with flat-winged glides 

Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus)


Crested Goshawk is 30–46 cm in length, with the female much larger than the male. The male has a dark brown crown, grey head sides and black moustachial and throat stripes. The pale underparts are patterned with rufous streaks on the breast and bars on the belly. The larger female has a browner head and brown underpart streaks and bars. This raptor has short broad wings and a long tail, both adaptations to manoeuvring through trees. The larger size and a short crest, clearly visible in profile, are the best distinction.
Crested Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus)

The Crested hawk-eagle is a medium-large raptor at about 60–72 cm in length. It is a relatively slender forest eagle with some subspecies (especially limnaetus) being dimorphic giving the name of "Changeable". Normally brown above, white below with barring on the undersides of the flight feathers and tail, black longitudinal streaks on throat and chocolate streaks on breast. Some subspecies have a crest of four feathers, but this is all but absent in others.
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Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela)

Crested Serpent Eagle is large, dark brown eagle. Its short black and white fan-shaped crest gives it a thick-necked appearance. The bare facial skin and feet are yellow. The underside is spotted with white and yellowish-brown. When perched the wing tips do not reach until the tail tip. In soaring flight, the broad and paddle-shaped wings are held in a shallow V. The tail and underside of the flight feathers are black with broad white bars. Young birds show a lot of white on the head.

Crested Tree Swift (Hemiprocne longipennis)

Crested Tree Swift are birds of open woodland and forests. These builds a tiny nest which is glued to an exposed tree branch. It lays one blue-grey egg, which is incubated by both sexes. The nest is so small that incubating birds perch upright on the edge of the nest, covering the egg with their underparts feathers. It is a large slender bird at 23cm length. This species is dove grey above and white below. This treeswift has a crest and a long, deeply-forked tail. The adult male has orange sides to its face.

Crimson-Throated Barbet ( Megalaima rubricapilla).


The Crimson-fronted Barbet is an arboreal species of open woodland which eats fruit and insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-4 eggs. This is a small barbet at 15 cm. It is a plump bird with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult Crimson-fronted Barbet has a mainly green body and wing plumage, a blue band down the side of the head and neck, and a black crescent behind the eye.

House Crow (Corvus splendens)

House Crow is common inside the santuary. It is a common bird of the Crow family that is cosmopolitan family. The forehead, crown, throat and upper breast are a richly glossed black, whilst the neck and breast are a lighter grey-brown in colour. The wings, tail and legs are black. It is a highly opportunistic bird and given its omnivorous diet, it can survive on nearly anything that is edible. It lays 3-6 eggs in a typical stick nest, and occasionally there are several nests in the same tree.


Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus)


The Cuckoo is a dove-sized bird, 32–34 centimetres long. It is greyish with a slender body and long tail and could be mistaken as a falcon in flight. There is also a rufous colour phase which occurs occasionally in adult females but more often in juveniles. A well-known harbinger of spring. The cuckoo family gets its common name and genus name by onomatopoeia for the call of the male Common Cuckoo, usually given from an open perch, goo-ko. which lays its eggs in the nests of other bird species

Darter or Snake Bird (Anhinga rufa)


Darter or Snake Bird, is a cormorant-like bird with an average body length of 85 cm a wingspan of 117 cm (45 in), and a weight of 1,350 g (48 oz). It is a dark-plumaged piscivore with a very long neck, and often swims with only the neck above water. When swimming in this style the name Snakebird is apparent, since only the colored neck appears above water the bird looks like a snake ready to strike. its uncommon inside the santuary.


Drongo Cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris)


Drongo-cuckoo, is a species of cuckoo that resembles a Black Drongo. It can be easily distinguished by its straight beak and the white barred vent. It is a brood parasite on small babblers. It is not known how or whether the drongo-like appearance benefits this species but it suspected that it aids in brood-parasitism. Its in the genus Surniculus. This is sometimes treated as a subspecies of ugubris, but can be separated as a species on the basis of vocalization and juvenile plumage

Dusky Crag Martin (Hirundo concolor)


The Dusky Crag Martin is 13 cm (5.1 in) long with a broad body, wings and tail. It has sooty-brown upperparts and slightly paler underparts, with a streaked pale dull rufous chin, throat and foreneck . The tail is short and square, with small white patches near the tips of all but the central and outermost pairs of feathers. The underwing coverts are dark brown, the eyes are brown, the small bill is mainly black, and the legs are brownish-pink. The sexes are alike, but juveniles have rufous grey tips to the plumage of the upperparts and wings.

Eagle Owl or Great Horned Owl (Bubo bubo)


The Eagle Owl is a large and powerful bird, smaller than the Golden Eagle but larger than the Snowy Owl. It is sometimes titled the world's largest owl, but so is the Blakiston's Fish Owl, which is slightly bigger on average. Individual Great Horned Owls range in length from 18-27 in and have a wingspan of 40-60.5 in. Females are larger than males, an average adult being 22 in long with a 49 in wingspan and weighing about 3.1 lbs. Bergmann's Rule generally holds: larger individuals are found toward Polar regions, smaller toward the Equator. 

Eastern Skylark (Alauda gulgula)


The Skylark is found in open grassland, often near waterbodies, where it feeds on seeds and insects. These skylarks frequently rocket up into the sky, fluttering and singing before descending down to earth. Male Oriental Skylarks may also hover in the air and sing, in order to attract a mate.Oriental Skylarks are about 16 cm long. They have streaked, yellow-brown upper plumage, with white outer tail feathers and a short crest. Both sexes are similar.

Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)

Emerald Dove is a stocky, medium-sized pigeon, typically 23 to 28 centimetres (10 to 11.2 inches) in length. The back and wings are bright emerald green. The flight feathers and tail are blackish, and broad black and white bars show on the lower back in flight. The head and underparts are dark vinous pink (in chrysochlora, more brown in longirostris), fading to greyish on the lower belly. The eyes are dark brown, the bill bright red and legs and feet rufous.
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Fairy Bluebird (Irene puella)

Fairy Bluebird measures around 10.5 cm long, with the tail measuring 4.2 cm, the wing 5.1 cm, and tarsus 0.85 cm; the bill is 1.2inches from gape. The iris is crimson and eyelids pinkish, the bill, legs and claws are black, and mouth a flesh- colour. The male is a shining ultramarine-blue with lilac reflections on its upper plumage, lesser wing-coverts, and under tail-coverts, while the sides of its head and the whole lower plumage are deep black, greater wing-coverts.  

Forest Eagle Owl (Bubo nipalensis)

The Forest Eagle Owl is a large bird of prey with a formidable appearance. It is a forest-inhabiting species found in southern and south-eastern Asia. Noted for its weird, human-sounding call, it is known locally as Ulama or devil bird in Sri Lanka.The Spot-bellied Eagle Owl is nocturnal and spends the day hidden among foliage of a large forest tree. At dusk it becomes active and hunts small mammals, reptiles, and birds up to the size of junglefowl.


Gold-Fronted Chloropsis (Chloropsis aurifrons).


Gold-Fronted Chloropsis is builds its nest in a tree, laying 2-3 eggs. This species eats insects and berries. The adult is green-bodied with a black face and throat bordered with yellow. It has an orange forehead and blue moustachial line, but lacks the blue flight feathers and tail sides of Blue-winged Leafbird. Young birds have a plain green head. The throat is black and it has a blue sub-moustachial stripe and duller orange forehead.


Forest Wagtail (Motacilla indica).


Forest Wagtail is a distinctive species, the only one in its genus (all other wagtails are Motacilla). The Forest Wagtail is 18cm in length, a slender bird with a long tail. The back and crown are olive brown, and the wings are black with two yellow wing bars and white tertial edges. There is a white supercilium, above a dark patch through the eye. The underparts are white apart from a black double breast band. Forest Wagtail differs from its Motacilla relatives in its strange habit of swaying its tail from side to side.

Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)


Golden Oriole inhabit tall deciduous trees in woodland, orchards or parks and spend much of their time in tree canopies. They feed on insects and fruit. They build neat nests in tree forks and lay 3-6 eggs. The male is striking in the typical oriole black and yellow plumage, but the female is a drabber green bird. Orioles are shy, and even the male is remarkably difficult to see in the dappled yellow and green leaves of the canopy.


Franklin 's Wren Warbler (Prinia hodgsoni)


Franklin 's Wren Warbler bird is typically found in open woodland, scrub jungle, and other open areas with some grass. Grey-breasted Prinia builds its nest in tall grass and lays 3–4 eggs. These birds are 11-to-13-centimetre long warblers have short rounded wings, a longish tail, strong legs and a short black bill. In breeding plumage, adults are grey-brown above, with no supercilium, a black eye stripe and orange eyering. They have a rufous wing panel. Grey-breasted Prinia's underparts are white with a grey breast band.

Garganey (Anas querquedula)


The Garganey is a small dabbling duck. It breeds in much of Europe and western Asia, but is strictly migratory, with the entire population moving to southern Africa and Australasia in winter, where large flocks can occur. This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758 under its current scientific name. Like other small ducks such as the Common Teal, this species rises easily from the water with a fast twisting wader-like flight. Their breeding habitat is grassland adjacent to shallow marshes and lakes.
Grackle or Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa)


The hill mynas are resident breeders typically found in forest and cultivation. The nest is built in a hole and the usual clutch is two or three eggs. These 25–30 cm long birds have glossy black plumage and large white wing patches which are obvious in flight. The bill and strong legs are bright yellow or orange, and there are yellow wattles on the head, the shape and position of which vary with species. The sexes are similar, but juveniles have a duller bill. Like most starlings, the hill mynas are fairly omnivorous, eating fruit, nectar and insects

Great Pied Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)

The Great Hornbill is a large bird, 95-120 cm long, with a 152 cm wingspan and a weight of 2.15–4 kg. It is the heaviest, but not the longest, Asian hornbill. The most prominent feature of the hornbill is the bright yellow and black casque on top of its massive bill. The casque appears U-shaped when viewed from the front and the top is concave with two ridges along the sides that form points in the front. The casque is hollow and serves no known purpose although they are believed to be the result of sexual selection.
Grass Owl (Tyto capensis)

Grass Owls differ in appearance from their cousins the Barn Owl in being larger, with stronger contrast between the upper and lower body. The upperparts are dark brown and the underparts whitish. The face is also rounder than that of the Barn Owl. The species requires rank vegetation such as the tall grasses of the highveld region, usually near marshes. Here it will roost and nest on the ground, forming tunnels in the grass. It flushes reluctantly if disturbed, quickly dropping back into the grass.

Great Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus javensis)

Great Black Woodpecker is found in evergreen forests of tropical Asia with nearly 14 subspecies. The species forms a superspecies complex with Dryocopus hodgei. Many island forms are endangered while some become extinct. The various populations differ in the distribution and extent of white. They are among the largest of the Asiatic woodpeckers (between 42 and 48 centimetres and second in size only to the Great Slaty Woodpecker) and nest in large dead trees,often beside rivers.


Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella naevia).


The Grasshopper Warbler, is an Old World warbler in the grass warbler genus Locustella. It breeds across much of temperate Europe and Asia. It is migratory, wintering from northwest Africa to India. This small passerine bird is a species found in short dense vegetation, often close to water. 4-7 eggs are laid in a nest on the ground or a tussock. This is a medium-sized warbler, 12.5-13.5 cm long. The adult has a streaked brown back, whitish grey underparts, unstreaked except on the undertail.

Greateared Nightjar (Eurostopodus macrotis)


The Greateared Nightjar's natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. Like other nightjars they are active at dusk and at night. They have a distinctive call which includes a shark tsiik followed by a pause and a two-syllable ba-haaww. The nest is a scrape on the ground and the clutch consists of a single eggs. The chicks are well camouflaged among leaf litter.



Great_Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)


The Great Cormorant is a large black bird, but there is a wide variation in size in the species wide range. Weight is reported from 1.5 kg (3.3 lbs)[1] to 5.3 kg (11.7 lbs)[2], with a typical range from 2.6 to 3.7 kg (5.7-8.2 lbs). Length can vary from 70 to 102 cm (28–40 in) and wingspan from 121 to 160 cm (48–63 in). It has a longish tail and yellow throat-patch. Adults have white thigh patches in the breeding season.


Green Munia (Estrilda formosa)


The Green Munia is approximately 10 cm long with a distinctive green-and-yellow avadavat, dark flank bars and reddish bill. Both sexes have pale tips to wing-coverts and tertials. The upper plumage is olive green. The upper tail coverts are more yellow and the tail is black and rounded with broad feathers. The chin is pale yellow and the lower breast, belly and vent are brighter yellow. The flanks are barred with brown and white. The bill is waxy red and the legs are pale fleshy or brown.

Greater Racket-Tailed Drougo (Dicrurus paradiseus)


The Greater Racket-Tailed Drougo is Common inside the santuary. Its a medium-sized Asian bird which is distinctive in having elongated outer tail feathers with webbing restricted to the tips. They are placed along with other drongos in the family Dicruridae. They are conspicuous in the forest habitats often perching in the open and by attracting attention with a wide range of loud calls that include perfect imitations of many other birds. It has been suggested that these imitations may help in the formation of mixed-species foraging.

Grey Jungle Fowl (Gallus sonnerati)


The male has a black cape with ochre spots and the body plumage on a gray ground colour is finely patterned. The elongated neck feathers are dark and end in a small, hard, yellowish plate; this peculiar structure making them popular for making high-grade artificial flies. The legs are red and the wattles and combs are not as strongly developed as in the Red Junglefowl. Legs of males have spurs and females usually lack them. The central tail feathers are long and sickle shaped.

Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)


The Green Sandpiper species is a somewhat plump wader with a dark greenish-brown back and wings, greyish head and breast and otherwise white underparts. The back is spotted white to varying extents, being maximal in the breeding adult, and less in winter and young birds. The legs and short bill are both dark green. It is conspicuous and characteristically patterned in flight, with the wings dark above and below and a brilliant white rump. 

Grey Tit (Parus major)


The Great Tit is a distinctive bird, with a black head and neck, prominent white cheeks, olive upperparts and yellow underparts, with some variation amongst the numerous subspecies. It is predominantly insectivorous in the summer, but will consume a wider range of food items in the winter months. Like all tits it is a cavity nester, usually nesting in a hole in a tree. The female lays around 12 eggs and incubates them alone, although both parents raise the chicks.

Greenish Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides)

Greenish Leaf Warbler is a typical leaf-warbler in smell, appearance, grayish-green above and off-white below. The single wing bar found in the southern and western populations distinguishes them from most similar species (except Arctic Warbler P. borealis). It is slightly smaller than that species and has a thinner bill, without a dark tip to the lower mandible.


Grey-Fronted Pigeon (Treron pompadora)

The Grey-Fronted Pigeon, is a common species in rainforest and similar dense wet woodlands. It builds a stick nest in a tree and lays two white eggs. Its flight is fast and direct, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings that are characteristic of pigeons in general. The Pompadour Green Pigeon is a stocky, medium-sized pigeon, 28 centimeters in length. The head, tail, and underparts are bright green, with a grey crown to the head. The legs are red, and the bill is thin and greyish. The flight feathers and tail are blackish.

Grey Headed Fishing Eagle(Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus)

Grey-headed Fish Eagle is a largish stocky raptor at about 70–75 cm in length. Adults have dark brown wings and back, a grey head and reddish brown breast. The lower belly, thighs and tail are white, the latter having a black terminal band. Sexes are similar, but young birds have a pale buff head, underparts and underwing, all with darker streaking. Grey-headed Fish Eagle, as its English and scientific names suggest, is a specialist fish eater which hunts over lakes, lagoons and large rivers.

Greyheaded Myna ( Sturnus malabaricus malabaricus)


Greyheaded Myna, The adults have a total length of approximately 20 cm. They have grey upperparts and blackish remiges, but the colour of the remaining plumage depend on the subspecies. In the nominate subspecies and blythii, the underparts are rufous, but in nemoricola the underparts are whitish tinged rufous. The nominate and nemoricola have a light grey head with whitish streaking . In blythii, the head and chest are white. All subspecies have white irides and a yellow bill with a pale blue base.

Grey or Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)


The Ashy Drongo is a species of bird in the drongo family Dicruridae. It is found widely distributed across South and Southeast Asia with several populations that vary in the shade of grey, migration patterns and in the size or presence of a white patch around the eye.The adult Ashy Drongo is mainly dark grey, and the tail is long and deeply forked, There are a number of subspecies varying in the shade of the grey plumage. Some subspecies have white markings on the head. Young birds are dull brownish grey.

Greyheaded Bulbul (Pycnonotus priocephalus)


This bulbul is resident in moist broadleaved evergreen forest with bamboo and dense undergrowth. Its plumage is olive-green, with a medium-grey on the crown head, nape and throat. The forehead is yellow-green. The back, wings are olive green becoming lighter towards the vent. The rump has yellowing green feathers edged in black giving a barred appearance. The flanks are dark and grey edged. The undertail coverts are gray. The beak is greenish and grey while the legs are pinkish yellow.

Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor)


Grey Shrikes are usually around 24 to 25 cm long, i.e. about as large as a big thrush. An adult usually weighs around 60 to 70 g, though some subspecies are noticeably smaller or larger than the average member of this species, and even in the nominate subspecies adult weights between 48 and 81 g are recorded. The wings are around 11.4 cm and the tail around 10.9 cm long in the nominate subspecies, its bill measures about 23 mm from tip to skull, and the tarsometatarsus part of its "legs" (actually feet) is around 27.4 mm long.

Greyheaded Yellow Wagtail (Motacillaflava thunbergi)


The Greyheaded Yellow Wagtail, is a small passerine in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and long claws.It is a slender 15–16 cm long bird, with the characteristic long, constantly wagging tail of its genus. It is the shortest tailed of the European wagtails. The breeding adult male is basically olive above and yellow below. In other plumages, the yellow may be diluted by white. The heads of breeding males come in a variety of colours and patterns depending on subspecies.

Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)


The Grey Wagtail is a small member of the wagtail family, Motacillidae. The species looks similar to the Yellow Wagtail but has the yellow on its underside restricted to the throat and vent. Breeding males have a black throat. The species is widely distributed, with several populations breeding in Europe and Asia and migrating to tropical regions in Asia and Africa. They are usually seen on open marshy ground or meadows where they walk solitarily or in pairs along the ground, capturing insects that are disturbed.

Haircrested Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus)


The Haircrested Drongo is insectivorous birds are found in usually open forests or bush. Most are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. Racket-tailed Drongos are the mimicry artists among birds. They can mimic the sound of other birds and some animals. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. 

0range-headed Ground Thrush (Zoothera citrina )

The Orange-headed Ground Thrush is a thrush that is common in well-wooded areas of India, China and southeast Asia. Most populations are resident. The species shows a preference for shady damp areas and can be quite secretive. They do not form flocks. Orange-headed Thrushes are omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms and fruit. In their natural habitat, these ground thrushes nest in trees.
Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus)

Honey Buzzard, appears long-necked with a small head, and soars on flat wings. The head lacks a strong supraciliary ridge giving it a very un-raptor-like facial appearance. It has a long tail and a short head crest. It is brown above, but not as dark as Honey Buzzard, and paler below. There is a dark throat stripe. Unusually for a large bird of prey, the sexes can be distinguished. The Oriental Honey Buzzard breeds in woodland, and is inconspicuous except in the spring, when the mating display includes wing-clapping.
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Hirundo (rustica-gutturalis)

Rustica-Gutturalis is a bird of open country which normally uses man-made structures to breed and consequently has spread with human expansion. It builds a cup nest from mud pellets in barns or similar structures and feeds on insects caught in flight. This species lives in close association with humans, and its insect-eating habits mean that it is tolerated by man, this acceptance was reinforced in the past by superstitions regarding the bird and its nest.


Imperial Green Pigeon (Ducula aenea)

The Imperial Green Pigeon is a forest species, it builds a stick nest in a tree and lays a single white egg. Its flight is fast and direct, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general. Green Imperial Pigeon is a large plump pigeon, 45cm in length. Its back, wings and tail are metallic green. The head and underparts are white, apart from maroon undertail coverts. Sexes are similar.


Indian Cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus)


Heartspotted Woodpecker is a small, uniquely shapped, black and buff woodpecker with large, prominently recurved crest on head and very short tail. Basically black with heart-shaped black spots on white shoulders and broad white scapular patches and barring of flight feathers. Whitish throat and plain grey underparts. Female has white forecrown.



House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)


The House Sparrow is a chunky bird, typically about 16 cm long, with measurements ranging from 14 to 18 cm (5.5–7 in). It has a large rounded head, a short tail, and a stout bill.[2] In weight, the House Sparrow generally ranges from 24 to 39.5 g . Weight varies by sex, with females usually smaller than males. Younger birds are smaller, males are larger during the winter, and females larger during the breeding season.


House Martin (Delichon urbica)


The adult House Martin of the western nominate race is 13 centimetres long, with a wing span of 26–29 centimetres (10.2–11.4 in) and a weight averaging 18.3 grammes (0.65 oz). It is steel-blue above with a white rump, and white underparts, including the underwings; even its short legs have white downy feathering. It has brown eyes and a small black bill, and its toes and exposed parts of the legs are pink. The sexes are similar, but the juvenile bird is sooty black, and some of its wing coverts and quills have white tips and edgings.

House Swallow (Hirundo tahiti)


The bird genus Hirundo is a group of passerines in the family Hirundinidae. These are the typical swallows, including the widespread Barn Swallow. Many of this group have blue backs, red on the face and sometimes the rump or nape, and whitish or rufous underparts. All of the species are found in the Old World, although one, the Barn Swallow, is cosmopolitan, also occurring in the Americas.


Indian Banded Bay Cuckoo (Cacomantis sonneratii)


The Indian Banded Bay Cuckoo are bright rufous or bay on the head and back and are broadly barred with dark brown. The bill is long and slightly curved. A whitish supercilium is distinctive above a dark eye-line. The wing is darker and tail is graduated with a dark brown centre. The tail has a subterminal black band and white tips to the feathers. The sexes are alike. The iris is yellow and the bill is black while the base of the lower mandible is greenish grey. The tarsi are grey.

Indian Cliff Swallow (Hirundo fluvicola)


The Indian Cliff Swallow is a small member of the family, Motacillidae. The species looks similar to the Yellow Wagtail but has the yellow on its underside restricted to the throat and vent. Breeding males have a black throat. The species is widely distributed, with several populations breeding in Europe and Asia and migrating to tropical regions in Asia and Africa. They are usually seen on open marshy ground or meadows where they walk solitarily or in pairs along the ground, capturing insects that are disturbed.

Indian Goldenbacked Threetoed Woodpecker (Dinopium javanense malabaricum)


The Indian Goldenbacked Threetoed Woodpecker is a medium-sized, golden-backed woodpecker with long and solid black moustachial stripes. Both sexes have black eyestripes joined to black rear neck stripe. Male has red, female black crown. Black-scaled white underparts and red rump contrasting with black tail. Rather small bill and only three toes. The Greater Flameback (Chrysocolaptes lucidus) looks quite similar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, 

Shama (Copsychus malabaricus)


The Shama is a small passerine bird of the family Muscicapidae. They typically weigh between 1 and 1.2 ounces and are around 9 to 11 inches in length. Males are glossy black with a chestnut belly and white feathers on the rump and outer tail. Females are more grayish-brown, and are shorter than males. Both sexes have a black bill and pink feet. The white-rumped shama is shy and somewhat crepuscular but very territorial. Juveniles have a more grayish or brownish coloration, similar to that of the females, with a spotted chest.
Indian Pitta (Pitta brachyura)

The Indian Pitta is a small stubby-tailed bird that is mostly seen on the floor of forests or under dense undergrowth, foraging on insects in leaf litter. is a medium-sized passerine bird of family pittidae. It has long, strong legs, a very short tail and stout bill, with a buff coloured crown stripe, black coronal stripes, a thick black eye stripe and white throat and neck. The upperparts are green, with a blue tail, the underparts buff, with bright red on the lower belly and vent. The breeding season is during the South-west Monsoon from June to August.
Clamorous Reed Warbler(Acrocephalus stentoreus)

The Clamorous Reed Warbler is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. Clamorous Reed Warbler is a large Song Thrush-sized warbler at 18-20 cm. The adult has an unstreaked brown back and whitish underparts. The forehead is flattened, and the bill is strong and pointed. The sexes are identical, as with most warblers. Like most warblers, Clamorous Reed Warbler is insectivorous, but will take other small prey items. The song is loud and far carrying.

Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis)

The Indian Roller is a member of the roller family of birds. The Indian Roller is a stocky bird about 26–27 cm long and can only be confused within its range with the migratory European Roller. The crown and vent are blue. The primaries are deep purplish blue with a band of pale blue. The tail is sky blue with a terminal band of Prussian blue and the central feathers are dull green. The neck and throat are purplish lilac with white shaft streaks. The bare patch around the eye is ochre in colour.

Indian Jungle Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus)


The Indian Jungle Nightjar, is a bird of the family Caprimulgidae. The Nightjar, is a resident in India. This bird is found in wooded areas. It was formerly called the Grey Nightjar and it included the East Asian Grey Nightjar, which was then treated as a subspecies of this species. It is Slightly smaller in size than a pigeon, brownish buff plumage with black streaks and spots. Tarsus feathered. The male has four outer pair of tail feathers with white spots, the same are absent in female. Crepuscular and nocturnal. .

Von Schrenck's Bittern (Ixobrychus eurhythmus)


The Von Schrenck's Bittern, is a small species at 38 cm in length, with a short neck, longish yellow bill and yellow legs. The male is uniformly chestnut above, and buff below and on the wing coverts. The female is chestnut all over with white speckles above, and white streaks below. When in flight, it shows black flight feathers and tail. Their breeding habitat is reedbeds. They can be difficult to see, given their skulking lifestyle and reedbed habitat, but tend to emerge at dusk, when they can be seen creeping almost cat-like in search of preys.

Indian_Pond_Heron_in_Sri_Lanka)


he Indian Pond Heron or Paddybird, is a small heron. It is of Old World origins, breeding in southern Iran and east to India, Burma, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. They are widespread and common but can be easily missed when the stalk prey at the edge of small water-bodies or even when the roost close to human habitations. They are however distinctive when put to flight, the bright white wings flashing in contrast to the cryptic streaked olive and brown colours of the body.

Jerdon's or Goldmantled Chloropsis (Chloropsis cochinchinensis)


Goldmantled Chloropsis is a species of leafbird found in forest and second growth from far north-eastern India and throughout Southeast Asia as far east as Borneo and as far south as Java. It commonly includes Jerdon's Leafbird from the Indian Subcontinent, and the Bornean Leafbird from northern Borneo as subspecies, but differs from both in measurements and morphology, with Jerdon's lacking any blue to the flight feathers, and Bornean having a distinctive male-like female plumage.

The Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)


The Indian Cormorant is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. This is a common and widespread bird species, which breeds in freshwater wetlands. 3–6 eggs are laid in a nest in a tree. This is a smallish, slender, cormorant with a triangular head profile. It is 63 cm in length. Indian Cormorant is mainly black in the breeding season, with white neck plumes and a whitish throat. The wing coverts are silvery and it has a longish tail. Sexes are similar, but non-breeding adults and juveniles are browner and lack the neck plumes.

Indian Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus objurgatus)


Indian Kestrel, is in the family Phalacrocoracidae. It is mainly light chestnut brown with blackish spots on the upperside and buff with narrow blackish streaks on the underside; the remiges are also blackish. Unlike most raptors, they display sexual colour dimorphism with the male having less black spots and streaks, as well as a blue-grey cap and tail. The tail is brown with black bars in females, and has a black tip with a narrow white rim in both sexes. All Common Kestrels have a prominent black malar stripe.

Indian Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis passerines)


The cuckoos are generally medium sized slender birds. The cuckoos are a family, Cuculidae, of near passerine birds. The majority are arboreal, with a sizeable minority that are terrestrial. The family has a cosmopolitan distribution, with the majority of species being tropical. The temperate species are migratory. The cuckoos feed on insects, insect larvae and a variety of other animals, as well as fruit. Many species are brood parasites, laying their eggs in the nests of other species, but the majority of species raise their own young. 

Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striatus)


The Jungle Babbler is in the family Sylviinae . This bird is found in wooded areas and near cultivation. This species, like most babblers, is non-migratory, and has short rounded wings and a weak flight. The sexes are identical, drably coloured in brownish grey with a yellow-bill making them confusable only with the endemic White-headed Babblers of peninsular India and Sri Lanka. The upperparts are usually slightly darker in shade and there is some mottling on the throat and breast.
Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)

Jungle Crow , is in the family Corvidae. The overall size is 46-59 cm in length and body proportions vary regionally. All taxa have a relatively long bill with the upper one quite thick and arched, making it look heavy and almost Raven-like. Generally, all taxa have dark greyish plumage from the back of the head, neck, shoulders and lower body. Their wings, tail, face and throat are glossy black. Extremely versatile in its feeding, it will take food from the ground or in trees. It is also one of the most persistent species and is quite bold.
Indian Robin (Saxicoloidesfulicata)

The Indian Robin is a species of bird in the Muscicapidae family. It is sexually dimorphic in plumage with the main being mainly black with a white shoulder patch or stripe whose visible extent can vary with posture. The northern populations have the upper plumage brownish while the southern populations are black above. The males have chestnut undertail coverts and these are visible as the bird usually holds the 6–8 cm long tail raised upright. The females are brownish above, have no white shoulder stripe.

Large Green Barbet (Megalaima zeylanica inornata)

The Large Green Barbet is a resident breeder in India and Sri Lanka. It is an arboreal species of gardens and wooded country which eats fruit and insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-4 eggs. This is a relatively large barbet at 27 cm. It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult has a streaked brown head, neck and breast, with a yellow eye patch. The rest of the plumage is green. The bill is thick and red. Sexes are similar.


Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus)


The Jungle Myna,is a member of the starling family. This bird is a common resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and Burma east to Indonesia. This common passerine is typically found in forest and cultivation. The Jungle Myna builds a nest in hole. The normal clutch is 3-6 eggs. These 23cm long birds have grey plumage, darker on the head and wings. There are large white wing patches obvious in flight, and a white tail tip. The head has a forehead tuft.The sexes are similar.

Large Indian Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria)


Large Indian Parakeet, is a member of the psittaciformes order and of the psittacines family. Indian Parakeet, is a large Parakeet species measuring 58 cm in total length with a wingspan averaging 18.9–21.5 cm. It is mainly green with a blue-grey sheen on its cheeks and napes, particularly in males. The abdomen is yellowish-green, the upperside of the middle tail feathers is blueish-green, the upperside of the external tail feathers is green while the underside of the tail feathers are all yellow.

Jungle Owlet (Bubo zeylonensis)


The Jungle Owlet is in the phylum Chordatais. Its a large owl with prominent "ear" tufts, typically around 55 cm in length and weighing 2–2.5 kg when fully grown. Subspecies differ in size and males are smaller than females, with the smallest birds not quite 50 cm long and weighing as little as 1,100 g. The upperparts are reddish brown and heavily streaked with black or dark brown. The underparts are buff to whitish, with dark streaks and finer brown barring. The throat is white and can be conspicuously puffed.

Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostris)


The Little Spiderhunter is a species of bird in the Nectariniidae family. Spiderhunter is long beak set it apart from other sunbirds. The sexes are alike except for a paler base to lower mandible in the female. Male has all black beak. They are found close to their favourite nectar bearing trees, often species of wild Musaceae or flowers in gardens. They have a buzzy zick-zick call that is made regularly when disturbed or when foraging. The song is series of rapid chipping notes and these can go on for long periods.

Jungle Wren - Warbler (Prinia sylvatica)


The Jungle Wren - Warbler is in the family Cisticolidae. This skulking passerine bird is typically found in dry open grassland, scrub and sometimes gardens. Jungle Prinia builds its nest in a shrub or tall grass and lays 3-5 eggs. These 15 cm long warblers have short rounded wings, a longish tail, strong legs and a short black bill. In breeding plumage, adults are grey-brown above, with a short white supercilium and warmer brown rump. There are rufous fringes on the closed wings and white edged to the tail. Underparts are whitish-buff.

Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)


The Koel is in the family Cuculidae. The Koel is a common breeding summer visitor, few winter. The Asian Koel is a brood parasite that lays its eggs in the nests of crows and other hosts, where the young are raised by the foster parents. They are unusual among the cuckoos in being largely frugivorous as adults. The Asian Koel is a large, long-tailed, cuckoo at 45 cm. The male of the nominate race is glossy bluish-black, with a pale green or grey bill, the iris is crimson, and it has grey legs and feet.

Large Goldenbacked Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes lucidus)


The large woodpecker, is in family picidea. It has an erect crest and a long neck. Coloration is highly variable between subspecies; it always has unmarked golden-yellow to dark brown back and wings. The underparts are white with dark markings, or light brown. The head is whitish with a black pattern, or it is yellow, brown or red. Woodpecker is a woodpecker which is a widespread and common resident breeder from the Indian subcontinent eastwards through tropical southern Asia to the Philippines and Indonesia. 


Large Cuckoo-Shrike (Coracina novaehollandiae)


The Large Cuckoo-Shrike is in the Campephagidae family. It was first described by German naturalist Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. The Yindjibarndi people of the central and western Pilbara known the species as Julgira; they would clip their wings and keep them as pets. Adult birds have a prominent black face and throat, gray plumage, white underparts and a somewhat hooked bill. The size varies between 32 cm and 34 cm.

Malabar Lorikeet (Loriculus vernalis)

The Malabar Parakeet is belonging to the family Psittacidae. It is endemic to the Western Ghats in Southern India. he Malabar Parakeet has beautifully colored plumage. The male's overall color is a bluish-gray with a sometimes reddish-pink tint. One of the things that make this bird so striking is the double ring around the neck of the male. The lower ring is a brilliant light blue, while the top ring is more of a greenish dark gray color. They have green feathers in front of their eyes, which extend towards their beaks.
Large Pied Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis)

The Large Pied Wagtail is the largest member of the wagtail family. It has black upperparts, head and breast, with a white supercilium and large white wingbar. Unlike White Wagtails it never has white on the forehead. The rest of the underparts are white. The female has the black less intense than in the male. Juveniles are like the females brown-grey where the adult is black.Its nesting season is from March to September. Its nest is a cup shaped pad of rootlets, hair, wool, and dry algae etc. It eggs are grayish, brownish or greenish white.
Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)

The Little Ringed Plover is in the family Charadriids. Adults have a grey-brown back and wings, a white belly, and a white breast with one black neckband. They have a brown cap, a white forehead, a black mask around the eyes with white above and a short dark bill. The legs are flesh-coloured and the toes are all webbed. This species differs from the larger Ringed Plover in leg colour, the head pattern, and the presence of a clear yellow eye-ring. Their breeding habitat is open gravel areas near freshwater.

Little Scalybellied Green Woodpecker (Picus myrmecophoneus)


The Little Scalybellied Green Woodpecker is a species of woodpecker in the bird group piciformes. it found in South Asia. A medium-sized, green woodpecker with streaked throat and scaly whitish underparts. Green above with yellowish rump, white supercilia and white and black moustache. Crown red in male, blackish in female. Tail dark and plain. Small, dark bill.

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